Poultry and livestock manure, and residual materials in liquid or solid form generated from the production and marketing of poultry, livestock, fur bearing animals, and their products. Also includes grain, vegetable, and fruit harvest residue.
A mineral fibre that can pollute air or water and cause cancer or asbestosis when inhaled. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has banned or severely restricted the use of asbestos in manufacturing and construction.
A pesticide used to control or destroy bacteria, typically in the home, schools, or on hospital equipment.
A large bundle, usually rectangular, of compressed or densified recyclable materials such as plastic beverage bottles.
The CRD is always searching for better ways to conserve landfill space at Hartland and reuse valuable resources. We've done this through banning some types of waste at Hartland landfill when viable recycling alternatives are in place. Current landfill bans include drywall (1991), cardboard, directories, large appliances, tires (1993), fill materials (1995), paper (1998) and yard and garden waste (2006).
BC Environmental Handling Fee
Environmental Handling Fee (EHF) is a recycling program for electronic equipment set up by the governments of different provinces.
This program is currently set up in Alberta, British Columbia, Saskatchewan, Ontario and Nova Scotia and is subject to the following charges for equipment shipped to a location in these provinces:
Alberta, British Columbia, Saskatchewan and Nova Scotia:
Desktops/Server: $10.00 EHF per piece
Mobiles: $5.00 EHF per piece
Monitors: $12.00 EHF per piece
Printers: $8.00 EHF per piece
To view the fees for small appliances click here to be directed to the Unplugged website that outlines the fees based on product category.
Chemicals that are either naturally occurring or identical to naturally occurring substances. Examples include hormones, pheromones, and enzymes. Biochemicals function as pesticides through non-toxic, non-lethal modes of action, such as disrupting the mating pattern of insects, regulating growth, or acting as repellents. Biochemicals tend to be environmentally compatible and are thus important to Integrated Pest management programs.
The ability of a substance to be broken down physically and/or chemically by microorganisms. For example, many chemicals, food scraps, cotton, wool, and paper are bio-degradable; plastics and polyester generally are not.
The number and variety of different organisms in the ecological complexes in which they naturally occur. Organisms are organized at many levels, ranging from complete ecosystems to the biochemical structures that are the molecular basis of heredity. Thus, the term encompasses different ecosystems, species, and genes that must be present for a healthy environment. A large number of species must characterize the food chain, representing multiple predator-prey relationships.
Certain microorganisms, including bacteria, fungi, viruses, and protozoa that are effective in controlling target pests. These agents usually do not have toxic effects on animals and people and do not leave toxic or persistent chemical residues in the environment.
The use of living organisms (e.g., bacteria) to clean up oil spills or remove other pollutants from soil, water, and wastewater.
Blue Box icon
The CRD has been collecting your recyclables since 1989. Each year we divert over 19,000 tonnes of materials that would end up in the landfill if not recycled. Blue Boxes hold tin, glass and rigid plastic packaging; Blue Bags are for newspaper and mixed paper products and cardboard. Learn more about the Blue Box program at: www.crd.bc.ca/recycle.
This item/depot is for industrial, commercial or industrial quantities.
Locations where consumers can drop off recyclables and receive payment for them.
Carcinogenic or Carcinogen
Capable of causing cancer. A suspected carcinogen is a substance that may cause cancer in humans or animals but for which the evidence is not conclusive.
A family of chemicals commonly used in air conditioners and refrigerators as coolants and also as solvents and aerosol propellants. CFCs drift into the upper atmosphere where their chlorine components destroy ozone. CFCs are thought to be a major cause of the ozone hole over Antarctica.
An adverse effect on any living organism in which symptoms develop slowly over a long period of time or recur frequently.
Harvesting all the trees in one area at one time, a practice that destroys vital habitat and biodiversity and encourages rainfall or snow melt runoff, erosion, sedimentation of streams and lakes, and flooding.
This term is commonly used interchangeably with "global warming" and "the greenhouse effect," but is a more descriptive term. Climate change refers to the buildup of man-made gases in the atmosphere that trap the suns heat, causing changes in weather patterns on a global scale. The effects include changes in rainfall patterns, sea level rise, potential droughts, habitat loss, and heat stress. The greenhouse gases of most concern are carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxides. If these gases in our atmosphere double, the earth could warm up by 1.5 to 4.5 degrees by the year 2050, with changes in global precipitation having the greatest consequences.
Closed Loop Recycling
The process of collecting an item like a bottle and processing it back into another bottle.
Recyclables that result from business sources such as restaurants, stores, theatres, stadiums, airlines, trains, demolition companies, and similar enterprises.
All solid waste from businesses. This category includes, but is not limited to, solid waste originating in stores, markets, office buildings, restaurants, shopping centres, and theatres.
Recyclables, all mixed together, such as plastic bottles with glass and metal containers. Commingled materials require sorting after collection.
Decomposed organic material that is produced when bacteria in soil break down garbage and biodegradable trash, making organic fertilizer. Making compost requires turning and mixing and exposing the materials to air. Gardeners and farmers use compost for soil enrichment.
Many kitchen scraps, such as vegetables, fruits, eggshells and coffee grounds can be easily composted in a backyard composter or digester. Visit the Compost Education Centre for more information: www.compost.bc.ca.
Also known as CPO (computer print out). Continuous paper printed on an impact printer, usually solid white, including blue or green- lined, pin fed printer paper that is untreated and uncoated, Does not include laser-printed paper.
Construction and Demolition Waste
Waste building materials, dredging materials, tree stumps, and rubble resulting from construction, remodelling, repair, and demolition operations on houses, commercial buildings and other structures, and pavements. May contain lead, asbestos, or other hazardous materials.
Preserving and renewing natural resources to assure their highest economic or social benefit over the longest period of time. Clean rivers and lakes, wilderness areas, a diverse wildlife population, healthy soil, and clean air are natural resources worth conserving for future generations.
A substance that eats or wears away materials gradually by chemical action.
Also known as OCC (Old Corrugated Cardboard). It is used for shipping containers and is manufactured from a fluted paperboard, called corrugating medium, sandwiched between two paperboards called linerboards.
A process of collection in which separated or commingled recyclables are set out in containers at residential curb sides for pickup.
The process of packing recyclables closely together, such as in a bale, to facilitate shipping and processing.
The release of any waste into the environment from a point source. Usually refers to the release of a liquid waste into a body of water through an outlet such as a pipe, but also refers to air emissions.
The discharge, deposit, injection, dumping, spilling, leaking, or placing of any solid waste or hazardous waste into the environment (land, surface water, ground water, and air).
A landfill, incinerator, or other facility which receives waste for disposal. The facility may have one or many disposal methods available for use. Does not include wastewater treatment.
Locations where discards can be left for recycling.
A land site where wastes are discarded in a disorderly or haphazard fashion without regard to protecting the environment. Uncontrolled dumping is an indiscriminate and illegal form of waste disposal. Problems associated with dumps include multiplication of disease-carrying organisms and pests, fires, air and water pollution, unsightliness, loss of habitat, and personal injury.
The study of the relationships between all living organisms and the environment, especially the totality or pattern of interactions; a view that includes all plant and animal species and their unique contributions to a particular habitat.
The interacting synergism of all living organisms in a particular environment; every plant, insect, aquatic animal, bird, or land species that forms a complex web of interdependency. An action taken at any level in the food chain, use of a pesticide for example, has a potential domino effect on every other occupant of that system.
The release or discharge of a substance into the environment. Generally refers to the release of gases or particulates into the air.
Government standards that establish limits on discharges of pollutants into the environment (usually in reference to air).
End User or Consumer
An industrial plant or other facility where recyclables are used as feedstock for the manufacture of new products.
To capture energy from waste through any of a variety of processes (e.g., burning). Many new technology incinerators are waste-to-energy recovery units.
Radiation or pollutants that come into contact with the body and present a potential health threat. The most common routes of exposure are through the skin, mouth, or by inhalation.
Extremely Hazardous Substances (EHS)
Any of 366 (+ or -) chemicals or hazardous substances identified by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) on the basis of hazard or toxicity and listed under the US Emergency Planning & Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA). The list is periodically revised.
Iron and steel, from the Latin ferrum meaning iron.
A speciality grade of (mixed) office type papers that is derived from discarded files. These may come from offices, record storage, records centres, archives, libraries, etc. Mostly white and coloured ledger but may also include carbonless paper, bleached file folders etc.
A pesticide used to control or destroy fungi on food or grain crops.
Garbage is any material that cannot be recycled or composted. In the Capital Region, all the garbage produced by both residents and the ICI sector goes to Hartland landfill. For more information on the type of material that makes up our garbge in the CRD click here for the 2009/2010 Waste Stream Composition Report.
See definition for Climate Change.
See definition for Climate Change.
Water found below the surface of the land, usually in porous rock formations. Ground water is the source of water found in wells and springs and is used frequently for drinking.
A company that performs at least one of the following processes on plastics for recycling: sorting, baling, shredding, or granulating.
A common hazardous waste; can damage organisms at low concentrations and tends to accumulate in the food chain.
A pesticide designed to control or kill plants, weeds, or grasses. Almost 70% of all pesticide used by farmers and ranchers are herbicides. These chemicals have wide-ranging effects on non-target species as well.
HDPE - High density polyethylene #2
Coloured or opaque plastic used in milk jugs and some laundry products. Its recycled life: more laundry product bottles, trash bins and base cups for plastic soft drink bottles.
Household Hazardous Waste (HHW) icon
Household hazardous waste includes waste from your home that you consider to be dangerous or of which you are unsure, such as pesticides, paint, oil, bleach, or other chemicals. HHW includes product marked as flammable, corrosive, explosive or poisonous. Take these items to Hartland Landfill for free, proper disposal!
Household or Domestic Waste
Solid waste, composed of garbage and rubbish, which normally originates from residential, private households, or apartment buildings. Domestic waste may contain a significant amount of toxic or hazardous waste from improperly discarded pesticides, paints, batteries, and cleaners. HHW is banned from going into the garbage.
The destruction of solid, liquid, or gaseous wastes by controlled burning at high temperatures. Hazardous organic compounds are converted to ash, carbon dioxide, and water. Burning destroys organics, reduces the volume of waste, and vaporizes water and other liquids the wastes may contain. The residue ash produced may contain some hazardous material, such as non-combustible heavy metals, concentrated from the original waste.
Recyclables generated by manufacturing processes, such as trimmings and other leftover materials, or recyclable products that have been used by industry but are no longer needed, such as buckets, shipping containers, signs, pallets, and wraps.
Unwanted materials produced in or eliminated from an industrial operation and categorized under a variety of headings, such as liquid wastes, sludge, solid wastes, and hazardous wastes.
A pesticide compound specifically used to kill or prevent the growth of insects. Pesticides are banned from going in the garbage.
A method for final disposal of solid waste on land. The refuse is spread and compacted and a cover of soil applied so that effects on the environment (including public health and safety) are minimized. Under current regulations, landfills are required to have liners and leachate treatment systems to prevent contamination of ground water and surface waters. An industrial landfill disposes of non-hazardous industrial wastes. A municipal landfill disposes of domestic waste including garbage, couches, etc. This waste may include toxins that are used in the home, such as insect sprays and powders, engine oil, paints, solvents, and weed killers.
The highly visible portion of solid waste (usually packaging material) which is generated by the consumer and carelessly discarded outside of the regular garbage disposal system, as on the highways or in streets.
Bacteria, yeasts, simple fungi, algae, protozoa, and a number of other organisms that are microscopic in size. Most are beneficial but some produce disease. Others are involved in composting and sewage treatment.
A mixture of various grades of recyclable waste paper not limited by fibre content and includes most types of clean and dry paper including glossy, white ledger and computer papers, newspapers, magazines, catalogues, phone books, cards, laser-printed white ledger, windowed envelopes, sticky notes, and often contains corrugated and brown paper.
MRF - Materials Recovery Facility
A recycling operation that sorts materials by type, then cleans and compresses the recyclables before shipping them to reprocessors.
Municipal Solid Waste (MSW)
The combined residential and commercial waste material generated in a given municipal area.
Also known as ONP (Old News Paper), is used primarily for making newsprint, corrugated or folding boxes.
Those metals which contain little or no iron.
Food, feed crops, and livestock grown within an intentionally-diversified, self-sustaining agro-ecosystem. In practice, farmers build up nutrients in the soil using compost, agricultural wastes, and cover crops instead of synthetically derived fertilizers to increase productivity, rotate crops, weed mechanically, and reduce dramatically their dependence on the entire family of pesticides. Farmers must be certified to characterize crops as organically grown and can only use approved natural and synthetic biochemicals, agents, and materials for three consecutive years prior to harvest. Livestock must be fed a diet that includes grains and forages that have been organically grown and cannot receive hormones, sub-therapeutic antibiotics, or other growth promoters.
All cardboard. Comes in varying thickness: some flat, some corrugated.
Substances intended to repel, kill, or control any species designated a "pest" including weeds, insects, rodents, fungi, bacteria, or other organisms. The family of pesticides includes herbicides, insecticides, rodenticides, fungicides, and bactericides and are banned from going in the garbage.
PETE or PET - Polyethylene terephthalate
Clear plastic used in some household cleaning product bottles, as well as in soda bottles. Its recycled life: new cleaning product bottles, carpets and insulation for winter jackets.
The measure of acidity or alkalinity of a chemical solution, from 0 to 14. Anything neutral, for example, has a pH of 7. Acids have a pH less than 7, bases (alkaline) greater than 7.
A concentration of contaminants in air, soil, or water usually extending from a distinct source.
Any substances in water, soil, or air that degrade the natural quality of the environment, offend the senses of sight, taste, or smell, or cause a health hazard. The well being and usefulness of the natural resource is usually impaired by the presence of pollutants and contaminants.
Actively identifying equipment, processes, and activities which generate excessive wastes or use toxic chemicals and then making substitutions, alterations, or product improvements. Conserving energy and minimizing wastes are pollution prevention concepts used in manufacturing, sustainable agriculture, recycling, and clean air/clean water technologies.
Post Consumer Waste
Used materials, such as empty detergent bottles and aluminum cans, that go into the trash if they are not recycled.
Scraps and trash created during the manufacturing process, such as paperboard trimmed away when making cartons.
Residues from plastics manufacturing processes, such as trimmings, etc, that are reused in manufacturing; also called home scrap.
Product Stewardship icon
In BC, industry-led product stewardship is a government strategy to place the responsibility for end of life product management on the producer and consumers of a product and not the general taxpayer or local government. This way, those that produce and use a product help assure its proper disposal. Materials in this program include:
- Beverage containers
- Solvents and flammable liquids
- Gasoline and pesticides
- Automotive batteries
- Used motor oil and oil containers
- Computers and their components
- Cameras, video baby monitoring systems and home security cameras (added July 1, 2010)
- Portable DVD players (added July 1, 2010)
- Walkman, Discman and MP3 players (added July 1, 2010)
- Boomboxes, radios and portable stereos (added July 1, 2010)
- Microphones (non-industrial) (added July 1, 2010)
- Earphones and headphones (added July 1, 2010)
- Voice and video recorders (added July 1, 2010)
- Home stereos and speakers (added July 1, 2010)
- Vehicle audio and video systems (added July 1, 2010)
- Cable Boxes and satellite receivers (added July 1, 2010)
- PVRs, DVD, laser disk, VHS and Beta players/recorders (added July 1, 2010)
- Multimedia projectors (added July 1, 2010)
- Non-cellular phones and answering machines (added July 1, 2010)
- Fluorescent bulbs and tubes - Residenital quantities only (added July 1, 2010)
- Appliances - small (added August 1, 2011, expanded July 1, 2012)
- Power Tools (added July 1, 2012)
- Exercise Machines (added July 1, 2012)
- High Intensity Discharge Lamps (added July 1, 2012)
- Light Bulbs (commercial) (changed from Fluorescent Bulbs) (postponed to October, 2012)
- Light Bulbs (residential) (also changed from Fluorescent Bulbs) (added July 1, 2010, expanded July 1, 2012)
- Lighting Fixtures and Ballasts (added July 1, 2012)
- Metal Halide Lamps (added July 1, 2012)
- Tapes - audio & video - (added July 1, 2012)
Product stewardship materials can be recycled through various product stewardship programs, ranging from return-to-retail to drop-off depots. The life cycle management of product stewardship materials provides many opportunities for reprocessing and new product development including items such as: aluminum cans, insulation, toilet paper, circuit boards, recycled oil and rebar. For more information, please visit the Ministry of Environment’s website.
Any waste that emits energy as rays, waves, or streams of energetic particles. Radioactive materials are often mixed with hazardous waste, usually from nuclear reactors, research institutions, or hospitals.
A company that performs at least one of the following processes on plastics collected for recycling: washing/cleaning, pelletizing, or manufacturing a new product.
If you see this icon, you know that recycling opportunities exist for this product in our region.
Reusing materials and objects in original or changed forms rather than discarding them as wastes.
Any spilling, leaking, pumping, pouring, emitting, emptying, discharging, injecting, escaping, leaching, dumping, or disposing into the environment of a hazardous or toxic chemical, or extremely hazardous substance.
This item/depot can be accepted for recycling in residential quantities.
The extraction of useful materials or energy from solid waste. Such materials can include paper, glass, and metals that can be reprocessed for re-use. Resource recovery also is employed in pollution prevention.
A pesticide or other agent used to kill rats and other rodents or to prevent them from damaging food, crops, or forage.
An area where waste is dumped, then buried beneath a layer of earth. Landfills are usually equipped with a liner to reduce soil and water pollution from contaminated seepage.
Water discharged from restrooms, showers, food preparation facilities, or other nonindustrial operations; also known as "gray water."
An underground tank to collect wastes from homes that are not connected to a municipal sewer system. Waste goes from the home to the tank and is decomposed by bacteria. Solids and dead bacteria settle to the bottom as sludge and fats, oils and grease float to the top and the liquid portions flow into the ground through pipes. While properly placed and maintained septic systems can effectively treat domestic wastewater, others are a major source of ground water and surface water pollution.
Dust, smoke, or chemical fumes that pollute the air and make hazy, unhealthy conditions (literally, the word is a blend of smoke and fog). Automobile, truck, bus, and other vehicle exhausts and particulates are usually trapped close to the ground, obscuring visibility and contributing to a number of respiratory problems.
As defined under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), any solid, semi-solid, liquid, or contained gaseous materials discarded from industrial, commercial, mining, or agricultural operations, and from community activities. Solid waste includes garbage, construction debris, commercial refuse, sludge from water supply or waste treatment plants, or air pollution control facilities, and other discarded materials.
Solid Waste Management Facility
Any disposal or resource recovery system; any system, program, or facility for resource conservation; any facility for the treatment of solid wastes.
The design, manufacture, purchase, or use of materials (such as products and packaging) to reduce the amount or toxicity of garbage generated. Source reduction can help reduce waste disposal and handling charges because the costs of recycling, municipal composting, landfilling, and combustion are avoided. Source reduction conserves resources and reduces pollution.
Organizing materials by type (such as paper, metal, plastic, and glass) so that these items can be recycled instead of thrown away. For example, many of us separate these items from the rest of our household and office wastes. Industries also organize materials in this fashion.
Any method that separates recyclables from waste at the point at which they are generated. Such methods include curbside collection, buyback programs, and drop-off programs.
All water naturally open to the atmosphere (rivers, lakes, reservoirs, ponds, streams, seas, estuaries) and all springs, wells, or other collectors directly influenced by surface water.
Environmentally friendly methods of farming that allow the production of crops or livestock without damage to the farm as an ecosystem, including effects on soil, water supplies, biodiversity, or other surrounding natural resources. The concept of sustainable agriculture is an "intergenerational" one in which we pass on a conserved or improved natural resource base instead of one which has been depleted or polluted. Terms often associated with farms or ranches that are self-sustaining include "low-input," organic, "ecological," "biodynamic," and "permaculture."
The amount of waste that a landfill accepts, usually expressed as tons per month. The rate at which a landfill accepts waste is limited by the landfill's permit.
Substances that can cause severe illness, poisoning, birth defects, disease, or death when ingested, inhaled, or absorbed by living organisms.
An airborne mass of gases, vapours, fumes, or aerosols of toxic materials.
Any basic materials for industrial processing that have not been previously used, such as petroleum for plastics manufacture, iron ore for steel manufacture, wood pulp for paper manufacture, or bauxite ore for aluminum manufacture.
1. To use or expend carelessly or needlessly: squander. 2. To grow or cause to grow gradually thinner or weaker, as from illness. 3. To fail to use, as an opportunity 4. To destroy completely: devastate.
The total waste material output of a community, region, facility, private residence, etc.
Water Quality Standard (WQS)
The combination of a designated use and the maximum concentration of a pollutant which will protect that use for any given body of water. For example, in a trout stream, the concentration of iron should not exceed 1 mg/l.
Most white office paper in single sheets or continuous forms, including white computer paper, letterhead, white notebook paper and ledger paper.
Wood Treatment Facility
An industrial facility which treats lumber and other wood products for outdoor use. The process involves use of chromated copper arsenate and other toxic chemicals which are regulated as hazardous materials.
A term for non-natural or man-made substances found in the environment (e.g. synthetics, plastics).